Cherry Jam Recipe
Early summer just isn’t summer without Cherries and what better way of preserving them than Cherry Jam. Last year we were yo-yoing back and forth from Dublin to our house in the Langhe Hills in Piemonte, Italy. It was a difficult time, particularly as it seemed that each time we left for a couple of weeks in Dublin we had to leave soon to be ripe fruit on the trees that we knew we wouldn’t be able to pick or enjoy, each time we came back to Langhe all that remained were pips on the ground from where the birds had had a feast and rotting peaches and figs on the trees glaring at us with a look of abject disappointment that they had grown into ripe juicy fruits for nothing! A very painful summer. This year, and now permanently ensconced, with no weeks away, I have taken every action to use the garden fruits in every imaginable way possible.
The first main fruit season is now and it’s Cherries! Cherries come into being ripe from last week of May here in Langhe. June in England from my mother’s account of her own cherry tree in the garden.
We were lucky to not have so many greedy birds this year and picked a great 9 kilo’s of ripe cherries from the lower branches of our huge cherry tree, we have no cherry picker machine so have kindly left the top half of the tree for the birds and wasps!
The first recipe I made was Cherry Jam.
Cherry Jam Recipe – makes 3 x 150ml jars
750g ripe Cherries
Juice of 1 lemon
Step 1. Get your cherries – if picking yourself don’t delay in using them, ours started to turn into rotting cherries after 1 day (we use zero chemicals in our garden, which means speed is of the essence in preserving them)
Step 2. Sterilise your jars and lids. There are so many ways to do this. I wash them in hot soapy water (personally using organic non-chemical washing up liquid) Bicarbonate of soda is also great for sterilising. I then pop them all in a warmed oven at 120 degrees for 15 mins until bone dry. Jars and lids should still be hot when you put the jam in, so you might want to the sterilising as you are cooking the jam.
Step 3. Place 6 small saucers in the freezer for the wrinkle test later in the process (see step 9)
Step 4. Wash and pit your cherries, I left ¼ of them as whole as possible and halved ¾ of them. Yes, your heart will sink at this, pitting cherries is a long painful process if you want to spoon out whole cherries in your jam, if not and you don’t mind the cherry form missing in your jam you can cut them in half and slip the stone out. If you want some whole you can only make a nick in the top and gently squeeze the pip out without the juicy flesh! A great help to me on Twitter is Jan @thewatchfulcook www.thewatchfulcook.co.uk and she has helpfully recommended the de-stoner at http://www.divertimenti.co.uk/cherry-stoner.html this is on my Christmas list this year (Mum are you reading this?! 😊)
Step 5. Put the cherries in a maslin pan if you have one, these pans are great for making jam, as they have a thick bottom to stop the jam burning (still have to stir), use a heavy bottomed pan as an alternative.
Step 6. Add the lemon juice to the cherries in the pan and put on a low heat until the cherries are cooked, roughly 7 mins. Give the cherries a soft mash during this cooking with a potato masher to get the juices flowing a bit (not so hard that you break up the whole ones though!).
Step 7. Add the sugar to the cherries and lemon juice in the pan keeping the heat on low until dissolved, stir frequently to dissolve sugar and check for crystals on the spoon, best use a wooden spoon for this so you can see the crystals. Once there are no crystals left turn up the heat to bring to a boil stirring regularly.
Step 8. Once at boiling stage keep the heat up on a rolling boil this can be 10-25mins or more, it depends on how hot you can get it. Stir regularly to prevent cherries sticking to the bottom and burning. If you have a jam thermometer reading you need to aim for 104 celcius , but there is no set time, as every hob and pan is different.
Step 9. When you get close to the setting point (I normally start testing at 95 celcius) start doing the ‘wrinkle test’ for the true jam setting point. Unless you want a runny jam, or a stiff as a board jam, the wrinkle test is fairly important. Take a saucer out of the freezer and pop a teaspoon of the hot jam on the saucer and put back in the freezer, wait a minute and then take the saucer out and push your finger through it slowly, if it just wrinkles it is ready to take off the heat and bottle. If your finger just runs through without a wrinkle appearing keep the jam on the heat. Repeat this every minute until it just wrinkles (if it becomes a stiff and hard wrinkle the jam will be stiff and hard when eating). This testing can be painful, I had to use 6 saucers until I saw the jam just wrinkle! I’m sure there are expert jam makers you have a few more tricks up their sleeves and I would love tips! I probably need to get a proper jam thermometer too, at the moment I am using a meat thermometer and the reading is less accurate!
Step 10. If you are fortunate to have a jam/sauce funnel for bottling purposes ladle out some jam into the funnel and slip it into the jars leaving 1/2 inch at the top of the jar. If you don’t have a jam funnel (I don’t) ladle out some jam into a warmed pyrex measuring jar and pour into the jar. This all needs to be done fast as the jars need to be still fairly hot to ensure the jam seals the jar.
Step. 11 Put the lids on fast and tighten, sit down and relax. It’s done. An hour or so later you should start hearing the wonderful ‘pop’ sound of the lid sealing. The next day check the tops of the lids, those that have popped in, and aren’t making the dreadful ‘click’ noise every time you push your finger on the middle of the lid, are good to be stored for up to a year in a dark cupboard. Those that have the clicking going on need to be eaten first and put in the fridge – well something has to be eaten first, I am usually happy if one is not sealed for this purpose!
Burnt Cherry Jam Recipe
I know, ‘Burnt Cherry Jam’ what the dickens! A couple of summers back I left some strawberry jam on the rolling boil for too long without stirring and some got stuck to the bottom of the pan. By the time I got to bottling it the jam had taken on more of a dark strawberry look and was quite caramelised. When we ate it, it tasted amazing, a rich treacly strawberry taste. It was a great discovery.
This year Andrew decided to make his first ever jam with the Cherry jam recipe above and guess what? He made the same ‘error’ and forgot to stir enough and lo and behold burnt cherries at the bottom of the pan. But again, when bottling the cherry jam was dark and treacly and a finger dip taste test revealed a wonderful taste reminiscent of the burnt strawberry jam. Even mistakes can taste good!
Elderflower flower season differs depending on where you live in the world. I am in the Langhe Hills in Piemonte, Italy, and the season here started in full swing at the beginning of May, some early arrivals towards the end of April. My mother, who is in Surrey, England, sees the season mid-May to mid-June. There is a window of opportunity wherever you are to make delicious elderflower treats for yourself and your loved ones. The best part is they are so easy to spot if you like near wild areas. Elderflower flowers are large man hand size clusters of creamy white flower heads growing on green bushes often located around trees and scrub land, for the most part they are wild but you can grow them yourself. As with all things wild, I think it is best to take some expert advice on confirming if the bush you have identified is Elderflower, as I did when moving here. Confusingly Elderflower is called Sambuca in Italian, which threw me, until I used Google search for a few minutes to re-establish that I was still dealing with Elderflower. Elderflower also provides berries later in summer, which can be used for other purposes, ones I will investigate this year and report back on.
Best picked in the morning and only pick the heads that are pure creamy white with no dying brown flowers, as the brown dead flowers will taint the taste.
Don’t pick the whole bush otherwise you will limit production the following year and also there will be no Elderflower berries in the summer! Rule of thumb is to pick no more than a third of the bush from different sections.
You might need to take a branch pulling implement to get to the best flower heads, I used a fork hoe to pull out of reach branches down to me, Elderflower has a frustrating habit in growing in out of reach areas or across a stream with no bridge!
Elderflower Cordial Recipe – makes 6 x 200ml bottles
25 Elderflower heads – large hand size if possible
2 lemons roughly sliced (some prefer more lemon for a more tart Elderflower cordial)
2 pints of boiling water
2 lbs of caster sugar (yes it’s a lot of sugar but this is a cordial with a 5:1 water – cordial ratio for drinks so it’s not too bad)
Step 1. Collect the Elderflower heads (you don’t want to leave them cut too long without using them, as they will start to die and no longer be fresh for the cordial
Step 2. Boil the water on a stove in a large saucepan, take off heat and dissolve all the sugar in it and stir until dissolved then allow to cool.
Step 3. While you wait for the water to cool, which can take a couple of hours, this is a good time to trim the Elderflower heads. I trim as close to the flowers as possible, to get rid of most of the stalks, this is a bit tedious but if you can get help many hands will make light work of this! I have read that the long green stalks of are not to be added to the cordial so I think it is important to trim close to the flower.
Step 4. Using a large pan with lid, or a large plastic container (I use a homebrew small plastic barrel) pour the cold water/sugar syrup into the container, add the lemons, and the elderflowers.
Step 5. Cover the pan or container tightly and leave for 48-72 hours. (If you leave it longer it will start to ferment, as elderflower contains natural yeasts and you will get slightly fizzy elderflower cordial!
Step 6. Strain the elderflower juice into a bowl through a muslin bag, or regular sieve, and give the elderflowers a good squeeze to get the last drops out.
Step 7. Rinse out the storage plastic container, or pan, and dry with a clean towel and pour the strained liquid back into it and cover tightly and leave for 48 hours.
Step 8. Siphon the liquid to leave sediment behind, or pour slowly into a sterilised measuring jug with lip to keep sediment behind.
Step 9. Pour the siphoned liquid into the sterilised bottles you are using for the cordial.
Step 10. Drink and enjoy.
My understanding is that this will keep best in the fridge for up to 4 weeks.
I once had this in France with Cremant sparking wine and it was divine! Add to Prosecco,
or add to cocktails and of course good fresh cold water, ice and a slice! Best ration is 5:1 ie 5 parts prosecco to 1 part elderflower etc.
Roccasanta Winery – Perletto, Langhe, Piemonte
More than just a winery!
Our local butcher stocks a shelf of local wine, which until recently I hadn’t really noticed, after all we are surrounded by wine in Langhe. But one day in February we decided to pick up a Dolcetto from the shelf, one I hadn’t come across before. Dolcetto is my new go to wine for light red wine drinking, typically ranging from 12-13% alcohol volume and it is great with pizza and pasta. Importantly, it is not to be confused with a sweet wine, aka dolci wine. Dolcetto is traditionally the farmers wine and they would drink it after their morning work on the land and thus it has the great nickname of 'breakfast' wine (and no I am not drinking it at breakfast). Trying the Dolcetto that night was a revelation, it was smooth, and full of berry and fruitiness, I inspected the label, and found it to be fortunately produced by Roccasanta, in Perletto, a local village and only 12% avc. Perletto is a mere 7 km away from our house. The next day, a Sunday, we decided to venture out to find the Roccasanta winery. We turned off the main Perletto road into wine growing country, acres of vines stood in the winter sun as we slowly crept along the white road towards a cluster of houses. Still no sign of the vineyard. This is strange, as some of the larger wineries around here go to great lengths to direct people off the main road and towards their vineyards, with promises of degustazione ‘tastings’ and to buy the local Langhe wine. Here there wasn’t a clue. Heading down towards the hamlet we spotted two young boys out on a stroll ahead of us and we pulled up to ask them for directions, with great Italian shoulder heaving and nonchalance they pointed us to the farm house. Pulling up to the house, Andrew was sent off to knock on the door, just in case some wild dog came out, as not a soul stirred. While he disappeared the two boys turned into the drive and walked into the farmhouse. It's all very secretive around here, I thought. The next moment Andrew appeared with a young man and introduced me to him, ‘Alex’ and it turned out he works at the winery, as Alex himself explained in perfect English. The next thing I knew Alex set off at haste in his little car, leaving a trail of dusty, chalky puffs in the air, as he sped along the 'off road' lane to find the farmer before we could say no. Five minutes later a big burly moustached farmer arrived, with Alex, with a big smile and ‘Buongiorno’, Alex introduced me to him, ‘This is Ferrucio’, "Piacere", I said with warmth and my suddenly small hand disappeared into his ginormous but gentle hand shake.
Ferrucio led us off to a large modern shed, where there, hidden from the road, was the ‘Roccasanta’ name and a pristine yard. With much protest from us, as we were sure he had more important things to do on the land, he opened the vast doors and we stepped into a proper winery with oak barrels, and vast steel tanks. All was very cold on this winter’s day and we stood with cold boned but rapt attention, as he, via Alex, explained all the different wines. With great care Ferrucio poured the wines, starting with the Dolcetto, a bit colder than we remembered. To be honest, all was cold but tasted lovely, but I wouldn’t be doing justice to this winery if I gave my thoughts on this tasting, as more was to come. The story of Roccasanta is fascinating. It turns out Ferrucio is the farmer and expertly grows the vines but he is not the winemaker. Another man, Pietro Monti is, Pietro is 32 and a genius I have decided. Apparently, an early talent he started making wine in his earlier twenties and did so well he was soon selling Roccasanta wine throughout Europe and then BAM! He was involved in a car accident and was blinded at 25 years of age. This lovely winery took a backseat for a few years while Pietro got himself back together and eventually found himself back in the winery doing what he does best, making wine. We promised to return to meet Pietro soon.
We did meet Pietro, later that week we returned to pick up some more wine and there he was, a strong man, great use of the English language and accompanied by his father Renato, as his eyes. He is very easy to talk to and he has a great passion for wine to pass on to visitors. We organised to come back and have a proper tasting of all his wines. And we did.
Here are my amateur tasting notes:
The Barbera D’Alba Superiore DOC is now my favourite wine, it is rounded and smooth with almost a lemon sugar after taste and I have to say I crave this wine now. It’s very difficult to restrain myself during the week. The regular Barbera D’Alba DOC is easy to drink with most food as I can attest to but is totally overshadowed by the Superiore.
The Langhe Nebbiolo DOC is rich and elegant without being overpowering like Barolo or Barbaresco. It is lighter in alcohol 13.5% and I think gives a better understanding of the grape in its simplicity than the big ‘B’s do. You still get the dark fruit, peppery spice and very slight tar, but dark fruity chocolate is my main impression.
The regular Langhe Chardonnay DOC is a great white wine discovery in this region, at this alcohol level, 12.5%, the non barriqued wine has a touch of the Chablis about it and is very easy to drink at lunch time with a fish dish, as I did the other day with poached salmon, refreshing and not heavy, light and gently fruity and herby.
The barrique Langhe Chardonnay DOC is a favourite with many people I have introduced this to, I think because it is so unusual to have oaked Chardonnay in Langhe. It is more golden in colour than the regular chardonnay and more of a treat wine than an every-day wine but nonetheless a star. Touches of banana and pineapple.
There is a Barolo DOCG, Pietro ships in the grapes from a parcel in Monteforte d’Alba (Barolo territory) and has turned it into a 3 glasses award (excellent) winning wine in the 'I Vini Di Veronelli 2017' wine guide, a mean feat for any winery in the Barolo territory and testament to his excellence. We didn’t get to try it, as there are only a few precious bottles left! Well of course that would be the case and we decided to leave those for Barolo connosieurs, which we are not.
The wines are at the lower level of alcohol due to some of the terrain being in shade for part of the day and, I have to say, this really makes a positive difference, as a lot of the Langhe wines are steadily increasing in alcohol due to the longer hotter summers of the past few years.
If you want to pop along for a tasting you can Email Pietro via the website to arrange a time, as he is only there 3-4 days a week, he speaks good English and is an absolute gentleman to deal with. You won’t be disappointed.
All contact details http://www.aziendagricolaroccasanta.it/
AZIENDA AGRICOLA ROCCASANTA, Via Piana 19, LOC. Chiappa, 12070 Perletto, Cuneo, Piemonte
I stumbled across this jewel recently and I hope to inspire more people to become patrons of the inspirational ‘Patrone Winery’. This is a hide away gem, not heavily advertised on the wine routes around but a star in the making. This winery is located in the cross roads town of Cortemilia in The Langhe Hills, 30 mins from Barbaresco. We saw the familiar ‘degustatzione’ sign and thought, 'why not?'
Welcomed by the wonderful 'Camila', a very pretty, blonde, puppy dog, we were then greeted in human language by the smiling, and extremely fit looking, brother and sister team, who sit behind this label, both in their younger years, I didn’t dare ask their ages but estimate mid to late twenties, possibly younger, you see, inspirational already. I don’t know about you but I seem to keep having tastings at wineries that have generations of history and prestige going back a hundred years, with typical middle aged owners, who have succeeded their successful parents’ business, none of which I mind of course. Sometimes there are glimmers of newcomers, but what I find so inspiring, about this brother and sister team, is that there was no prestigious name behind them, just the usual farming land with hazelnuts and vines grown for personal consumption, grown, prior to their succession, as basic table wine. But Enzo and Elena decided to go for it, and go for it large. No testing, or experimenting, from scratch, they have taken this business very seriously, including going to college to study viniculture, and further studies at the world famous Alba viniculture college. This has led to almost instant success and reward with their first production in the single digit thousands of bottles and being pretty much sold out to local distributors. Their subsequent seasons have seen them tweak and refine and now their wine is flying off the shelves.
Going into their, cooler climate, presentation room, we saw rows of ageing Barbera 2015 in French wooden barrels and a tasting table with crackers, cheese and ham. We tasted all of their offerings, which unveiled some great finds. Firstly, a Pinot Noir ‘champagne’ style, Spumante Brut sparkling wine, it was a treat, very hard indeed to not think of it as Champagne, as the taste and bubble texture was the same, easy to drink at 12.5% and it seemed perfect for a celebratory toast.
A 100% Chardonnay was then opened, again another rare grape in this region, which tends towards promoting the Roero Arneis grape, so we were thrilled to try it. This wine was the number 1 for me of the tasting, though most who know me know my preference towards white wine in this region. Truly though you have to try this wine. At 14% I thought it was going to be fiery but it was totally the opposite, mellow and creamy, reminiscent of a good Chablis. At this stage I was looking at Enzo and Elena in awe, what a team. They spoke with so much passion about each wine and you could see the little tension in their faces, as they awaited our amateur feedback on each bottle tasted. This is such a rare sight, as often I find the tasting tables, at other wineries, seem attended by either bored members of a winery, other cocky ‘we know our wines are fabulous’ types, or people with little half smiles and sympathetic eyes, as we give our not very professional but honest thoughts on a wine. Enzo and Elena are a real credit to their winery and will put all newcomers to wine, to wizened professionals of wine, into a trance of happiness by just being there with them and witnessing their real, genuine, enthusiasm for their wines.
The star for Andrew was the Nebbiolo, a well know regional grape and the backdrop to the fine wines of Barolo and Barbaresco. Here, fortunately for me, they had made it a bit smoother and less fiery at 13.5%, but still with lots of spice and fruit notes. Perfect with cheese and ham and with grilled, or roasted, meats. Enzo seemed really proud of this achievement, and so they should be.
Through the discussions of the wine, Enzo explained some of their methods, they call it ‘organoleptic’ and with some biodynamic elements too, such as bottling when there is a new moon, this keeps the bottle from creating fizz, a big mistake if you bottle on an old moon and I have tasted such 'mistakes' numerous times in Italy, when I have witnessed this in my mouth, thinking I am sipping a regular white wine and suddenly little fizzy bubbles pop up, I hate that. So Enzo and Elena have studied hard and, working with nature, they have produced these fine wines as a result. I am sure with the Pinot Noir sparkling wine they bottle on an old moon! I haven’t been able to look at the moon the same way since.
We had a tour of the cellar and saw the modern steel tanks, somewhat smaller than the big guns of this region, but nonetheless filled with beautiful wine in the making. The steeply, south-east facing, terraced vineyards went a long way towards explaining the athletic physiques of these two young wine makers, I don’t think I would have made it up to the first terrace without collapsing. The old ancient stone terraces adds the historic terroir factor to this new winery and of course the sun soaking stones help with regulating the night temperatures emitting some warmth into the normally cold nights.
We left with a good 12 bottles knowing we will frequently return for more. If you don’t have time to pop in here they are stocked in the local bakers on Piazza Savona, in Cortemilia, which is run by Enzo’s girlfriend. An all-round, great, team effort.
www.patronewinery.it firstname.lastname@example.org t +39 0173 81723
Azienda Agricola Patron Elena, Strada Viarascio 15, Cortemilia, Cuneo, Piemonte
Read more about our new life in Piemonte
On nearly every menu I have read in the Langhe Hills area of Piemonte, Italy, I have seen this dish and various representations of this dish has been eaten with much appreciation by myself.
Here is an easy recipe for Vitello Tonnato (Veal and Tuna Sauce), a recipe I have made myself, and used many times as a starter. This receipe leaves out the egg yolk often detailed in published recipes.
For 2 people
Time to prepare
5 minutes with a blender
1 small tin of canned tuna in olive oil
Juice of half a lemon
Pickled Capers - 12
Ground black pepper 1/4 teaspoon
Olive oil approximately 5-6 desert spoons
6 thin slices of cooked veal
6 cherry tomatoes halved
blender - small preferable
1. Empty the tuna into the small blender
2. Add olive oil bit by bit, start off with about 3 desert spoons
4. Check consistency, if it's not looking blended add 2 desert spoons of olive oil, repeat blending until the texture is fairly grainy
5. Add the capers and 1/4 of the lemon juice and black pepper, blend.
6. Check the taste, add more lemon juice, pepper, or capers, as required, to suit your taste.
7. Lay the veal slices on the serving plate and spoon the blended tuna sauce on top of the veal slices.
8. Decorate the plate with halves of cherry tomatoes and a few capers and serve
The Piemontese Italians, I have shared this dish with, like to smear the sauce all over their veal slices before eating.
You can make the sauce very smooth, or more grainy, depending on preference, the higher end restaurants tended to serve it smooth, while more rustic places served it grainy.
Clare, 41, living the 'dolce vita' in Piemonte in the Langhe Hills. This new blog is dedicated to the delicious food and drink of the Italian Piedmont region. To read more about our new life in the Langhe we have a life in Piemonte blog here